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The Chief of Bowmen of the Wells of Mer-ne-Ptah Hotep-hir-Maat--life, prosperity, health! --which is (on) the mountain range, arrived for a (judicial) investigation in the fortress which is in Sile (ANET 1969, 258). This implies that Israel did not have a king or kingdom at this time. The text also implies that Israel was as strong as the other cities mentioned, and not just a small tribe. "Linguistic Notes on Thutmose III's Topographical List." Egyptological Studies vol.
A stele found at Abydos tells about an Asiatic campaign by Sen-Usert III (1880-1840 BC) which says: His majesty proceeded northward to overthrow the Asiatics.
There is an interesting place named in Joshua 15:9 and , "well of waters of Nephtoah," that may be the Hebrew name of Merneptah. "A Canaanite at Ugarit." Israel Exploration Journal 13.
The well which is probably anachronistically named after Merneptah would be near Jerusalem.
One of the most important discoveries that relate to the time of the Exodus is the Merneptah stele which dates to about 1210 BC. "Rainey's Challenge." Biblical Archaeology Review 17:6 (November/December).
Merneptah, the king of Egypt, boasts that he has destroyed his enemies in Canaan.